Auditory processing and reading comprehension.
- Decoding requires sound phonological processing.
- Processing difficulties impact reading comprehension.
The Cause of Reading Problems
How APD Impacts Phonological Awareness & Reading
Auditory processing disorder is often connected to weak language skills, but it also undermines a child's awareness of phonics and reading comprehension, two critical skills. These problems are sometimes called phonological processing disorder.
Your Child Needs Phonological Awareness
Phonological awareness, the ability to hear the individual sounds (phonemes) in words, is required to recognize the individual sounds in a word, identify similarities between words (as in rhyming words) and to understand the number of sounds in a word.
Definition and description of phonological awareness
But what causes the reading problems your child faces? If your child is a struggling reader, he or she could have a phonological processing disorder. Hearing distinct phonemes (so that a child can recognize them as text on a page), particularly blends such as |sp|, requires processing of up to 40 sounds per second. Recognizing text on the page is far more demanding than processing spoken language, in which your child hears words as whole sounds.
Because of these complexities, your child requires these skills to process phonemes:
Auditory discrimination: the ability to recognize differences in phonemes (sounds). This includes identifying words and sounds that are similar and those which are different.
Auditory memory: the ability to store and recall information which was given verbally. An individual with difficulties in this area may not be able to follow instructions given verbally or may have trouble recalling information from a story read aloud.
Auditory sequencing: the ability to remember or reconstruct the order of items in a list or the order of sounds in a word or syllable. One example is saying or writing "ephelant" for "elephant."
Auditory blending: the process of putting together phonemes to form words. For example, the individual phonemes "c", "a", and "t" are blended to form the word "cat".
Your child's auditory processing difficulties can't be corrected by word lists and other conventional methods. The signs and symptoms of APD must be treated by addressing the cause.
How to Help Children with APD and Reading Difficulties
Reading comprehension is a challenge for most children with auditory processing disorder. Inefficient reading requires too much concentration, frustrating the child and taking up that energy that could be used on comprehension.
But APD and phonological processing problems can be addressed. Our Fast ForWord reading program treats auditory processing and then methodically builds reading fluency and comprehension, step by step.
More on programs for reading by Gemm Learning