Auditory Processing Disorder Symptoms

Signs of CAPD and how it undermines learning

If central auditory processing disorder symptoms are not recognized and addressed, processing delays will undermine the natural development of reading, focus and other learning skills.

Here are some central auditory processing disorder (CAPD or APD) symptoms to look for:

  • Difficulty listening with background noisechild-listening-to-speech
  • Speech therapy or language delays when young
  • Poor auditory attention, drifts off in class
  • Difficulty with phonics and speech sound discrimination
  • Difficulty with sounding out when reading
  • Poor auditory memory
  • Often misunderstands what is said, needs information to be repeated
  • Poor expressive language skills
  • Slow or delayed response to verbal requests and instructions

Here is a definition of auditory processing disorder. You can also request an APD guide covering APD symptoms by age and a description of causes.

Difficulties Related to Auditory Processing Disorder

Scientists are learning that central auditory processing disorder symptoms are present in a majority of children with learning difficulties, in three categories: reading, learning and language.

APD-Related Reading Difficulties
Efficient — fast and accurate — auditory processing skills help the clarity and breadth of phonological vocabulary, an essential reading skill. Hearing “cat” as one sound is enough to participate in conversation but to recognize it in text form requires “phonemic awareness” (definition: phonemes are the smallest components of sound that make up words) or being able to hear the component sounds of cat, i.e., “c-a-t.” This opens the door to automaticity in reading and reading comprehension.
Learn about our reading program for CAPD children

signs of CAPD in classLearning Skills Impacted By APD
Auditory processing deficits can cause inattentive attention deficit disorder, and can impact learning enjoyment and the ability to think critically. Over time, as skills are slowly learned, the signs of auditory processing disorder change.

In young children the main clues are often behavioral — unwillingness to engage, acting out when asked to do anything involving listening or reading. By middle school the signs of auditory processing disorder are much harder to detect, but their impact is no less severe. CAPD can undermine learning efficiency at every turn — lower grades, reading reluctance and/or weak reading comprehension, difficulty engaging or keeping up in class, all culminating in homework frustration.

Language Issues From APD
The first signs of auditory processing disorder picked up by most parents are usually language related. Obvious difficulty with pronunciation and vocabulary are directly related to APD. Other auditory processing symptoms such as difficulty following directions are sometimes harder to pick up. These language related issues are often called language processing disorders.
Our program to help language processing disorder

Homework Frustration And/Or Disappointing Grades
In many cases, parents are not aware of an auditory processing disorder until the homework starts to pile up and it takes too long. Or a child who knows the material has disappointing grades. Language processing is the most fundamental of all learning skills — we even think in English! Auditory processing problems undermine learning confidence and independence.

For information on how the symptoms of central auditory processing disorder vary by age, please follow this link:
Central auditory processing checklist by age

There are a number of different auditory processing skills that are undermined by auditory processing disorder, including auditory discrimination, auditory memory and auditory sequencing. To learn more about these skills, follow this link:
Auditory processing deficits by type

The Gemm Learning Program

Auditory processing skills can be exercised and strengthened. Most children develop these skills naturally, simply by listening to the language around them. Some, however, need more stimulation and practice than occurs in daily life — our treatment program for APD provides that added exercise, and then focuses on the reading, language or focus delays that are caused by central auditory processing disorder.